US: Surge in Homicides amid Police Funding Cuts
By Staff, Agencies
Following the death of African-American George Floyd in police custody in late May 2020, nationwide protests broke out, sometimes turning into riots. After several groups of protesters demanded that police forces be defunded or completely dismantled, departments were forced to put up with funding cuts in big cities.
Major cities and communities of the United States that decreased their police department budgets last year, in part as a result of police-involved shootings, have seen a rise in certain crimes over the past year, Fox News reported.
The report comes in light of cities, like Los Angeles, Minneapolis, New York City, Portland, Oregon, and Austin, Texas, diverting money from police forces to social welfare agencies following last year's protests against police violence. As a result of the cuts, some departments have had to lay off staff, cancel recruitment sessions, or scale back their hiring targets.
According to Fox News, the nationwide protests and civil unrest that erupted following the death of Black man George Floyd while in police custody last May are widely credited with sparking the campaign to defund police.
However, some funding cuts were already planned as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic's alternative funding needs, the report notes.
After the initial budget cut diverting $1.1 million from the police in July 2020, there have been 49 percent more homicides in Minneapolis: 58 murders between July 22, 2020, and March 28, compared to 39 registered year-over-year, the local police department's statistics show.
Total violent crime rose by 22% year over year between July 22, 2020, and March 28, 2019, to 3,692 compared to 3,025 last year.
In Portland, Oregon, the overall number of homicides has more than tripled year over year, according to the city's police bureau data. Homicides increased by almost 271 percent between July 2020, when the city's budget cuts of approximately $16 million from the local police were enacted, and February this year, the most recent data available, compared to the same period last year.
In its turn, the New York City Council voted in July to redirect $1 billion from the NYPD budget in 2021 and instead spend it on education and social services. The cuts forced the department to relinquish oversight of school security.
According to NYPD crime statistics, murders in New York City are up 11.8 percent year-to-date as of March 21, with 76 registered this year compared to 68 in 2020. This year, the number of shootings increased by more than 40 percent, with 220 registered as of March 21 compared to 157 at the same time last year.
The US federal statistics data, published in January study of the non-governmental organization, Council on Criminal Justice, shows that in 2020, the number of homicides increased dramatically, as did the number of aggravated assaults and gun assaults. Homicide rates were 30 percent higher in 2019 than in 2018, marking a record rise of 1,268 deaths in the study of 34 cities, including major ones and some of the smallest ones.
However, while the extent of this "rise in violence is alarming, absolute rates of homicide remain well below historical highs." "In 2020, the homicide rate was 11.4 deaths per 100,000 residents in sample cities; 25 years earlier, in 1995, the rate was 19.4 per 100,000 residents," the report says.